Dr Mostafa Fayek - Uranium minerals, micro-analysis and global tectonic events: gleaning the big picture from a small spot

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Dr Mostafa Fayek, U. Manitoba

Mardi 6 décembre 2022 à 12h30 - Tuesday, December 6, 2022 at 12:30 pm

SUR ZOOM SEULEMENT / ON ZOOM ONLY

Résumé / abstract:

Zoned minerals such as zircon and monazite have traditionally been used to determine the age of paleo-fluids associated with major tectonic and metamorphic events. Other minerals (e.g., micas) when combined with an appropriate geochronometer (e.g., Ar-Ar or Rb-Sr) have provided valuable information regarding the timing of large-scale fluid events that can be important to the formation of mineral deposits. Instruments such as SIMS and LA-ICP-MS offer the capability of measuring isotope ratios on a spatial resolution of 1-100 um. These instruments have been used to measure radiogenic isotopes in cores and rims of these minerals, thus providing an unprecedented understanding of fluid evolution related to orogenic and metamorphic events. However, uraninite is one mineral that has been largely overlooked as a mineral proxy for large-scale fluid and tectonic events. Recent techniques and standards have improved precision and accuracy to a level that approaches those of conventional techniques for U-Pb isotopic analyses of U-bearing minerals. SIMS work suggests that on the microscale, U-deposits can provide a detailed record of continental-scale tectonic events at a single location, with a potential time-depth extending to before 2.0 Ga. For example, unconformity-related U-deposits, Canada and Oklo-Okélobondo natural fission reactors, Gabon are some of the few places in the world that record a nearly complete tectonic history of the continents over the past 2.0 Ga. Thus, if the chronologic detail suggested by these studies proves to be common to U-deposits in general, they will provide an important new approach to precisely dating tectonic and basinal fluid-flow events.

 

Événement en ligne / Online event:

Zoom ID: 832 1632 7466

Passcode: isotope

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Uranium minerals, micro-analysis and global tectonic events: gleaning the big picture from a small spot

Ajouter au calendrier 2022-12-06 12:30:00 2023-01-28 11:42:50 Dr Mostafa Fayek - Uranium minerals, micro-analysis and global tectonic events: gleaning the big picture from a small spot Zoned minerals such as zircon and monazite have traditionally been used to determine the age of paleo-fluids associated with major tectonic and metamorphic events. Other minerals (e.g., micas) when combined with an appropriate geochronometer (e.g., Ar-Ar or Rb-Sr) have provided valuable information regarding the timing of large-scale fluid events that can be important to the formation of mineral deposits. Instruments such as SIMS and LA-ICP-MS offer the capability of measuring isotope ratios on a spatial resolution of 1-100 um. These instruments have been used to measure radiogenic isotopes in cores and rims of these minerals, thus providing an unprecedented understanding of fluid evolution related to orogenic and metamorphic events. However, uraninite is one mineral that has been largely overlooked as a mineral proxy for large-scale fluid and tectonic events. Recent techniques and standards have improved precision and accuracy to a level that approaches those of conventional techniques for U-Pb isotopic analyses of U-bearing minerals. SIMS work suggests that on the microscale, U-deposits can provide a detailed record of continental-scale tectonic events at a single location, with a potential time-depth extending to before 2.0 Ga. For example, unconformity-related U-deposits, Canada and Oklo-Okélobondo natural fission reactors, Gabon are some of the few places in the world that record a nearly complete tectonic history of the continents over the past 2.0 Ga. Thus, if the chronologic detail suggested by these studies proves to be common to U-deposits in general, they will provide an important new approach to precisely dating tectonic and basinal fluid-flow events.   Événement en ligne / Online event: Zoom ID: 832 1632 7466 Passcode: isotope SUR ZOOM SEULEMENT / ON ZOOM ONLY Geotop admin@example.com America/New_York public