Michelle Garneau

m_garneau

Impact des changements climatiques
sur les écosystèmes tourbeux
Dynamique du carbone

Université du Québec à Montréal
Département de géographie

Dynamique du carbone associé aux tourbières de la Côte-Nord du Québec (2009-2012)
Bilan de carbone des tourbières naturelles, en récolte et restaurées des régions du Lac-Saint-Jean et de la Côte-Nord, Québec (2011-2013)
Estimation des flux de carbone (CO2 et CH4) provenant des tourbières de la région d’Eastmain avant et après la mise en eau du réservoir hydro-électrique Eastmain-1A. (2005-2009) détails
 AQUALYSE : Analyse des tourbières dans le complexe La Grande : une indication de forte hydrolicité. (2006-2007) détails
« AQUALYSE 2 » : Écohydrologie des tourbières minérotrophes fortement « aqualysées » du bassin versant de La Grande rivière : suivi du cycle de l’eau et de la dynamique du CH4 et du CO2. (2008-2010) détails
IPY: Variations des flux CO2 et CH4 dans les tourbières à pergélisol en relation avec le réchauffement climatique. (2008-2010) détails
La Grande: Dynamique du carbone en milieux tourbeux, Baie James. (2002-2005) détails
GHGs, Land Cover Change and Reservoirs. détails
Hausse des concentrations des particules organiques (pollens et spores) causée par le changement climatique et ses conséquences sur les maladies respiratoires des populations vulnérables en milieu urbain. détail

Amesbury, M.J., Booth, R.K., Roland, T.P., Bunbury, J., Clifford, M.J., Charman, D.J., Elliot, S., Finkelstein, S., Garneau, M., Hughes, P.D., Lamarre, A., Loisel, J., Mackay, H., Magnan, G., Markel, E.R., Mitchell, E.A.D., Payne, R.J., Pelletier, N., Roe, H., Sullivan, M.E., Swindles, G.T., Talbot, J., van Bellen, S., Warner, B.G., 2018. Towards a Holarctic synthesis of peatland testate amoeba ecology: Development of a new continental-scale palaeohydrological transfer function for North America and comparison to European data. Quaternary Science Reviews 201, 483-500.

Gallego-Sala, A.V., Charman, D.J., Brewer, S., Page, S.E., Prentice, I.C., Friedlingstein, P., Moreton, S., Amesbury, M.J., Beilman, D.W., Björck, S., Blyakharchuk, T., Bochicchio, C., Booth, R.K., Bunbury, J., Camill, P., Carless, D., Chimner, R.A., Clifford, M., Cressey, E., Courtney-Mustaphi, C., De Vleeschouwer, F., de Jong, R., Fialkiewicz-Koziel, B., Finkelstein, S.A.., Garneau, M., Githumbi, E., Hribjlan, J., Holmquist, J., Hughes, P.D.M., Jones, C., Jones, M.C., Karofeld, E., Klein, E.S., Kokfelt, U., Korhola, A., Lacourse, T., Le Roux, G., Lamentowicz, M., Large, D., Lavoie, M., Loisel, J., Mackay, H., MacDonald, G.M., Makila, M., Magnan, G., Marchant, R., Marcisz, K., Martínez Cortizas, A., Massa, C., Mathijssen, P., Mauquoy, D., Mighall, T., Mitchell, F. J.G., Moss, P., Nichols, J., Oksanen, P.O., Orme, L., Packalen, M. S., Robinson, S., Roland, T. P., Sanderson, N. K., Sannel, A. B. K., Silva-Sánchez, N., Steinberg, N., Swindles, G. T., Turner, T. E., Uglow, J., Väliranta, M., van Bellen, S., van der Linden, M., van Geel, B., Wang, G., Yu, Z., Zaragoza-Castells, J., Zhao, Y., 2018. Latitudinal limits to the predicted increase of the peatland carbon sink with warming JO - Nature Climate Change AB - The carbon sink potential of peatlands depends on the balance of carbon uptake by plants and microbial decompositionNature Climate Change 8, 907-913. DOI: 10.1038/s41558-018-0271-1

Pilote, L.M., Garneau, M., van Bellen, S. and Lamothe, M., 2018. Multiproxy analysis of inception and development of the Lac‐à‐la‐Tortue peatland complex, St Lawrence Lowlands, eastern Canada. Boreas 47 (4), 1084-1101.

van Bellen, S., Garneau, M., Baird, A., Bourgault, M.-A., Quillet, A., 2018. Exploring pathways to late Holocene increased surface wetness in subarctic peatlands of eastern Canada. Quaternary Research 90 (1), 83-95. DOI: 10.1017/qua.2018.34

Magnan, G., van Bellen, S., Davies, L., Froese, D., Garneau, M., Mullan-Boudreau, G., Zaccone, C. and Shotyk, W., 2018. Impact of the Little Ice Age cooling and 20th century climate change on peatland vegetation dynamics in central and northern Alberta using a multi-proxy approach and high-resolution peat chronologies. Quaternary Science Reviews 185, 230-243.

Barnett, R.L., Bernatchez, P., Garneau, M., Juneau, M.-N., 2017. Reconstructing late Holocene relative sea-level changes at the Magdalen Islands (Gulf of St. Lawrence, Canada) using multi-proxy analyses. Journal of Quaternary Science 32 (3), 380-395.

Bourgault, M.-A., Larocque, M., Garneau, M., 2017. Quantification of peatland water storage capacity using the water table fluctuation method. Hydrological Processes 31 (5), 1184-1195.

Pratte, S., De Vleeschouwer, F., Garneau, M., 2017. Geochemical characterization (REE, Nd and Pb isotopes) of atmospheric mineral dust deposited in two maritime peat bogs from the St. Lawrence North Shore (eastern Canada). Journal of Quaternary Science 32 (5), 617-627. 

Pratte, S., Garneau, M., De Vleeschouwer, F., 2017. Increased atmospheric dust deposition during the Neoglacial in a boreal peat bog from north-eastern Canada. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 469, 34-46.

Pratte, S., Garneau, M., De Vleeschouwer, F., 2017. Late-Holocene atmospheric dust deposition in eastern Canada (St. Lawrence North Shore). Holocene 27 (1), 12-25.

Schaffhauser, A., Payette, S., Garneau, M., Robert, E.C., 2017. Soil paludification and Sphagnum bog initiation: The influence of indurated podzolic soil and fire. Boreas 46 (3), 428-441.

Barnett, R.L., Garneau, M., Bernatchez, P., 2016. Salt-marsh sea-level indicators and transfer function development for the Magdalen Islands in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, Canada. Marine Micropaleontology 122, 13-26.

Holmquist, J.R., Finkelstein, S.A., Garneau, M., Massa, C., Yu, Z., MacDonald, G.M., 2016. A comparison of radiocarbon ages derived from bulk peat and selected plant macrofossils in basal peat cores from circum-arctic peatlands. Quaternary Geochronology 31, 53-61.

Pellerin, S., Lavoie, M., Boucheny, A., Larocque, M., Garneau, M., 2016. Recent vegetation dynamics and hydrological changes in bogs located in an agricultural landscape. Wetlands 36 (1), 159-168.

Treat, C.C., Jones, M.C., Camill, P., Gallego-Sala, A., Garneau, M., Harden, J.W., Hugelius, G., Klein, E.S., Kokfelt, U., Kuhry, P., Loisel, J., Mathijssen, P.J.H., O'Donnell, J.A., Oksanen, P.O., Ronkainen, T.M., Sannel, A.B.K., Talbot, J., Tarnocai, C., Väliranta, M., 2016. Effects of permafrost aggradation on peat properties as determined from a pan-Arctic synthesis of plant macrofossils. Journal of Geophysical Research G: Biogeosciences 121 (1), 78-94.

Pelletier, L., Strachan, I.B., Roulet, N.T., Garneau, M., 2015. Can boreal peatlands with pools be net sinks for CO2? Environmental Research Letters 10 (3), art. no. 035002. 

Pelletier, L., Strachan, I.B., Roulet, N.T., Garneau, M., Wischnewski, K., 2015. Effect of open water pools on ecosystem scale surface-atmosphere carbon dioxide exchange in a boreal peatland. Biogeochemistry 124 (1-3), 291-304.

Quillet, A., Garneau, M., van Bellen, S., Frolking, S., Tuittila, E.-S., 2015. Integration of palaeohydrological proxies into a peatland model: A new tool for palaeoecological studies. Ecohydrology 8 (2), 214-229.

Swindles, G.T., Amesbury, M.J., Turner, T.E., Carrivick, J.L., Woulds, C., Raby, C., Mullan, D., Roland, T.P., Galloway, J.M., Parry, L., Kokfelt, U., Garneau, M., Charman, D.J., Holden, J., 2015. Evaluating the use of testate amoebae for palaeohydrological reconstruction in permafrost peatlands. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 424, 111-122. 

Swindles, G.T., Morris, P.J., Mullan, D., Watson, E.J., Turner, T.E., Roland, T.P., Amesbury, M.J., Kokfelt, U., Schoning, K., Pratte, S., Gallego-Sala, A., Charman, D.J., Sanderson, N., Garneau, M., Carrivick, J.L., Woulds, C., Holden, J., Parry, L., Galloway, J.M., 2015. The long-term fate of permafrost peatlands under rapid climate warming. Scientific Reports 5, Art. 17951. DOI: 10.1038/srep17951

Cliche Trudeau, N., Garneau, M., Pelletier, L. 2014, Interannual variability in the CO2 balance of a boreal patterned fen, James Bay, Canada, Biogeochemistry, vol. 118, no. 1-3, pp. 371-387.

Garneau, M., van Bellen, S., Magnan, G., Beaulieu-Audy, V., Lamarre, A., Asnong, H. 2014, Holocene carbon dynamics of boreal and subarctic peatlands from Québec, Canada, Holocene, vol. 24, no. 9, pp. 1043-1053.

Loisel, J., Yu, Z., Beilman, D.W., Camill, P., Alm, J., Amesbury, M.J., Anderson, D., Andersson, S., Bochicchio, C., Barber, K., Belyea, L.R., Bunbury, J., Chambers, F.M., Charman, D.J., De Vleeschouwer, F., Fiałkiewicz-Kozieł, B., Finkelstein, S.A., Gałka, M., Garneau, M. et al. 2014, A database and synthesis of northern peatland soil properties and Holocene carbon and nitrogen accumulation. The Holocene, vol. 24, no. 9, pp. 1028-1042. 

Magnan, G., Garneau, M. 2014, Evaluating long-term regional climate variability in the maritime region of the St. Lawrence North Shore (eastern Canada) using a multi-site comparison of peat-based paleohydrological records, Journal of Quaternary Science, vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 209-220. 

Magnan, G., Garneau, M. 2014, Climatic and autogenic control on Holocene carbon sequestration in ombrotrophic peatlands of maritime Quebec, eastern Canada, Holocene, vol. 24, no. 9, pp. 1054-1062.

Magnan, G., Garneau, M., Payette, S. 2014, Holocene development of maritime ombrotrophic peatlands of the St. Lawrence North Shore in eastern Canada, Quaternary Research (United States), vol. 82, no. 1, pp. 96-106. 

Pelletier, L., Strachan, I.B., Garneau, M., Roulet, N.T. 2014, Carbon release from boreal peatland open water pools: Implication for the contemporary C exchange, Journal of Geophysical Research G: Biogeosciences, vol. 119, no. 3, pp. 207-222. 

Quillet, A., Garneau, M., van Bellen, S., Frolking, S., Tuittila, E.-S. In Press, Integration of palaeohydrological proxies into a peatland model: A new tool for palaeoecological studies, Ecohydrology

Amesbury, M.J., Mallon, G., Charman, D.J., Hughes, P.D.M., Booth, R.K., Daley, T.J., Garneau, M. 2013, Statistical testing of a new testate amoeba-based transfer function for water-table depth reconstruction on ombrotrophic peatlands in north-eastern Canada and Maine, United States, Journal of Quaternary Science, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 27-39.

Charman, D.J., Beilman, D.W., Blaauw, M., Booth, R.K., Brewer, S., Chambers, F.M., Christen, J.A., Gallego-Sala, A., Harrison, S.P., Hughes, P.D.M., Jackson, S.T., Korhola, A., Mauquoy, D., Mitchell, F.J.G., Prentice, I.C., Van Der Linden, M., De Vleeschouwer, F., Yu, Z.C., Alm, J., Bauer, I.E., Corish, Y.M.C., Garneau, M., Hohl, V., Huang, Y., Karofeld, E., Le Roux, G., Loisel, J., Moschen, R., Nichols, J.E., Nieminen, T.M., MacDonald, G.M., Phadtare, N.R., Rausch, N., Sillasoo, U., Swindles, G.T., Tuittila, E.-., Ukonmaanaho, L., Väliranta, M., van Bellen, S., Van Geel, B., Vitt, D.H., Zhao, Y. 2013, Climate-related changes in peatland carbon accumulation during the last millennium, Biogeosciences, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 929-944. 

Cliche Trudeau, N., Garneau, M., Pelletier, L. 2013, Methane fluxes from a patterned fen of the northeastern part of the La Grande river watershed, James Bay, Canada, Biogeochemistry, vol. 113, no. 1-3, pp. 409-422. 

Lamarre, A., Magnan, G., Garneau, M., Boucher, É. 2013, A testate amoeba-based transfer function for paleohydrological reconstruction from boreal and subarctic peatlands in northeastern Canada, Quaternary International, vol. 306, pp. 88-96. 

Payette, S., Garneau, M., Delwaide, A., Schaffhauser, A. 2013, Forest soil paludification and mid-Holocene retreat of jack pine in easternmost North America: Evidence for a climatic shift from fire-prone to peat-prone conditions, Holocene, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 494-503. 

Pratte, S., Mucci, A., Garneau, M. 2013, Historical records of atmospheric metal deposition along the St. Lawrence Valley (eastern Canada) based on peat bog cores, Atmospheric Environment, vol. 79, pp. 831-840. 

Quillet, A., Frolking, S., Garneau, M., Talbot, J., Peng, C. 2013, Assessing the role of parameter interactions in the sensitivity analysis of a model of peatland dynamics. Ecological Modelling, 248, 30-40. 

Quillet, A., Garneau, M., Frolking, S. 2013, Sobol' sensitivity analysis of the Holocene Peat Model: What drives carbon accumulation in peatlands?, Journal of Geophysical Research G: Biogeosciences, vol. 118, no. 1, pp. 203-214.

van Bellen, S., Garneau, M., Ali, A.A., Lamarre, A., Robert, E.C., Magnan, G., Asnong, H., Pratte, S. 2013, Poor fen succession over ombrotrophic peat related to late Holocene increased surface wetness in subarctic Quebec, Canada, Journal of Quaternary Science, vol. 28, no. 8, pp. 748-760.

Cliche-Trudeau, N., Garneau, M., Pelletier, L. 2012. Methane fluxes from a patterned fen of the northeastern part of the La Grande river watershed, James Bay, Canada. Biogeochemistry, DOI 10.1007/s10533-012-9767-3.

Genries, A., Finsinger, W., Asnong, H., Bergeron, Y., Carcaillet, C., Garneau, M., Ali, A. A.2012. Local versus regional processes: Can soil characteristics overcome climate and fire regimes by modifying vegetation trajectories? Journal of Quaternary Science, 27(7), 745-756.

Lamarre, A., Garneau, M., Asnong, H. 2012. Holocene paleohydrological reconstruction and carbon accumulation of a permafrost peatland using testate amoeba and macrofossil analyses, Kuujjuarapik, subarctic Quebec, Canada. Review of Palaeobotany and Palaeobotany, 186, 131-141.

Payette, S., Garneau, M., Delwaide, A., Schaffausser, A.  2012.  Forest soil paludification and mid-Holocene retreat of jack pine in easternmost North America : evidence for a climatic shift from fire-prone to peat-prone conditions. The Holocene, doi: 10.1177/0959683612463099 

van Bellen, S., Garneau, M., Ali, A.A., Bergeron, Y. 2012. Did fires drive Holocene carbon sequestration in boreal ombrotrophic peatlands of eastern Canada? Quaternary Research (United States), 78 (1), 50-59.

Teodoru, C.R., Bastien, J., Bonneville, M.-C., Del Giorgio, P.A., Demarty, M., Garneau, M., Hélie, J.-F., Pelletier, L., Prairie, Y.T., Roulet, N.T., Strachan, I.B., Tremblay, A. 2012. The net carbon footprint of a newly created boreal hydroelectric reservoir. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 26 (2), GB2016.

Paré, D., Banville, J.L., Garneau, M., Bergeron, Y., 2011. Soil Carbon Stocks and Soil Carbon Quality in the Upland Portion of a Boreal Landscape, James Bay, Quebec, Ecosystems, 14 (4), 533-546.

Pelletier, L., Garneau, M. and Moore, T. 2011.Variation in CO2 exchange over three summers at microform scale in a boreal bog, Eastmain region, Québec, Canada. Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences, vol. 116, doi: 10.1029/2011JG001657.

van Bellen, S., Garneau, M. and Booth, R. 2011. Holocene carbon accumulation rates from three ombrotrophic peatlands in boreal Quebec, Canada: impact of climate-driven ecohydrological change. The Holocene, 21(8); 1217–1231.

van Bellen, S., Dallaire, P.-L., Garneau, M. and Bergeron, Y. 2011. Quantifying spatial and temporal Holocene carbon accumulation in ombrotrophic peatlands of the Eastmain region, Quebec, Canada. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 25, doi:10.1029/2010GB003877.

Loisel, J., Garneau, M., 2010. Late Holocene paleoecohydrology and carbon accumulation estimates from two boreal peat bogs in eastern Canada: Potential and limits of multi-proxy archives, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 291(3-4), 493-533.

Loisel, J., Garneau, M., Hélie, J.-F, 2010. Sphagnum δ13C values as indicators of palaeohydrological changes in a peat bog, The Holocene, 20(2), 285-289.

Quillet, A., Peng, C., Garneau, M., 2010. Toward dynamic global vegetation models for simulating vegetation–climate interactions and feedbacks: recent developments, limitations, and future challenges, Environmental Reviews, 18, 333-353.

Raphoz, M., Goldberg, M.S., Garneau, M., Héguy, L., Valois, M.F., Guay, F., 2010. Associations between atmospheric concentrations of spores and emergency department visits for asthma among children living in Montreal, Archives of environmental & occupational health, 65(4), 201-210.

van Bellen, S., Garneau, M., Bergeron, Y., 2010. Impact of climate change on forest fire severity and consequences for carbon stocks in boreal forest stands of Quebec, Canada: A synthesis, Fire Ecology, 6(3), 16-44.

Beaulieu-Audy, V., Garneau, M., Richard, P.J.H., Asnong, H., 2009. Holocene Paleoecology of Boreal Peatlands in the La Grande river drainage basin, James Bay, Québec, Canada, The Holocene, 19, 459-476.

Loisel, J., Garneau, M., Hélie, J.-F., 2009. Modern Sphagnum δ13C signatures follow a surface-moisture gradient in two boreal peat bogs, James Bay lowlands, Québec, Journal of Quaternary Science, 24 (3), 209-214.

McEnroe, N.A., Roulet, N.T., Morre, T.R., Garneau, M., 2009. Do pool surface area and depth control CO2 and CH4 fluxes from an ombrotrophic raised bog, James Bay, Canada?, Journal of Geophysical Research (Biogeosciences), 114, G01001, doi:10.1029/2007JG000639.

Ali, A.A., Ghaleb, B., Garneau, M., Asnong, H., Loisel, J., 2008. Recent peat accumulation rates in minerotrophic peatlands of the Bay James region, Eastern Canada, inferred by 210Pb and 137Cs radiometric techniques, Applied Radiation and Isotopes, 66, 1350-1358.

Grenier, M., Labrecque, S., Garneau, M. , Tremblay, A., 2008. Object-based classification of a SPOT-4image for the mapping wetlands in the context of green-house emission: The case of the Eastmain region, Quebec, Canada, Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing, 34, Suppl. 2, S398-S413.

Héguy, L., Garneau, M.,  Goldberg, M. S., 2008. Associations between Grass and Weed Pollen and Emergency Department Visits for Asthma among Children in Montreal, Environmental Research, 106(2), 203-211.

Pelletier, L.,  Moore, T. R, Roulet, N. T., Garneau, M., Beaulieu-Audy., V., 2007. Methane fluxes from three peatlands in the La Grande Rivière watershed, James Bay lowland, Canada, J. Geophys. Res. - Biogeosciences, 112, G01018, doi:10.1029/2006JG000216. GEOTOP Publication n° 2007-0040. 

Publications pré-Geotop

Breton, M-C., Garneau, M., Fortier, I., Guay F., Jacques, L. 2006. Relationship between pollen concentrations of Ambrosia spp. and medical consultations for allergic rhinitis in Montreal, 1994-2002,  Science of the Total Environment, 370, 39-50. 

Kettles, I.M., Robinson, S.D., Bastien, D.-F., Garneau, M., Hall, G.E.M., 2003. Physical, Geochemical, Macrofossil and Ground Penetrating Radar Information on 14 Permafrost-Affected Peatlands in the Mackenzie Valley, Northwest Territories, GSC, Open File 4007.

Bhiry, N. Garneau, M., Filion, L.  2000. Macrofossil record of a Middle Holocene Drop in a Relative Sea Level, Quaternary Research,54, 228-237. 

Robert, E.C., Rochefort, L.,Garneau, M., 1999. Natural revegetation of two block-cut mined-peatlandsin Eastern Canada, Revue canadienne de botanique, 77, 447-459.

Garneau, M.,1997. Paléoécologie d'un secteur riverain de la rivière Saint-Charles: analyse macrofossile du site archéologique de la Grande Place à Québec, Géographie physique et Quaternaire, 51(2), 209-218. 

Gajewski, K., Garneau, M., Bourgeois, M., 1995. Paleoenvironments of the Canadian High Arctic derived from pollen and plant macrofossils: problems and potentials, Quaternary Science Review, 14(6) , 609-629. 

Garneau, M., 1992. Analyse macrofossiles d’un dépôt de tourbe dans la région de Hot Weather Creek, péninsule de Fosheim, île d’Ellesmere, Territoires du Nord-Ouest, Géographie physique et Quaternaire, 46 (3), 285-294. 

Garneau, M., 1987. Reconstitution paléoécologique d’une tourbière littorale de l’estuaire du Saint-Laurent : analyse macrofossile et sporopollinique, Géographie physique et Quaternaire, 41(1), 109-125.

Barnett, Robert : Stage postdoctoral
Sujet de recherche : Reconstitution des variations du niveau marin relatif dans l'Est du Québec
Beaulne, Joannie : Maîtrise en géographie
Sujet de recherche : Réponse écophysiologique de l’épinette noire au processus de paludification dans les basses-terres de l’Abitibi
Goslin, Jérôme : Stage postdoctoral
Sujet de recherche : Reconstitution des niveaux d’eau extrêmes générés par les tempêtes dans le Golfe du Saint-Laurent à différente échelles de temps (de l’Holocène récent à aujourd’hui)
Magnan, Gabriel : Stage postdoctoral
Sujet de recherche : Accumulation récente du carbone des tourbières subarctique canadiennes en lien avec le changement climatique
Prijac, Antonin : Doctorat en sciences de l'environnement
Sujet de recherche : Quantification des flux d’exportation de carbone organique par voie fluviale dans une tourbière ombrotrophe du bassin-versant de la rivière Romaine en Minganie, Québec, Canada
Primeau, Guillaume : Maîtrise en géographie
Sujet de recherche : Reconstitution des conditions paléoécologiques et paléohydrologiques en lien avec la dynamique du carbone des tourbières dans le bassin versant de la rivière Romaine, Côte Nord
Robitaille, Mylène : Maîtrise en géographie
Sujet de recherche : Reconstitution paléohydrologique et paléoécologique des tourbières de la région du projet minier Renard, Centre-Nord du Québec
St-Onge, Laurie : Maîtrise en géographie
Sujet de recherche : Reconstitution paléoécologique et paléohydrologique de la tourbière du Chemin Brûlé, l’Assomption
Taillardat, Pierre : Stage postdoctoral
Sujet de recherche : Quantification des échanges gazeux de carbone (CO2 et CH4) en surface: production écosystémique brute, respiration écosystémique totale et méthanogenèse et méthanotrophie dans les tourbières du bassin versant de la Romaine