Yves Gélinas


Dynamique du carbone
dans les sédiments marins

Concordia University
Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry

Yves.Gelinas [at] concordia.ca

Le thème principal de nos travaux est la matière organique dans tous les environnements naturels. La matière organique est une composante fondamentale de la biosphère et une des sources les plus importantes d’énergie chimique sur Terre. Les composés organiques sont abondants, omniprésents, et ils alimentent tous les processus biogéochimiques sur terre et dans les océans. Nous tentons d’élucider les facteurs qui contrôlent la formation, la composition et la préservation de la matière organique dans les différents compartiments de l’environnement global, de même que les réactions entre composés organiques et inorganiques. Ce thème est une clé de voûte pour la compréhension des cycles géochimiques globaux des éléments essentiels à la vie, de la formation de l’oxygène atmosphérique et des combustibles fossiles, de même que pour l’élucidation des origines et de l’histoire de la vie sur Terre.

Portail, M., Brandily, C., Cathalot, C., Colaço, A., Gélinas, Y., Husson, B., Sarradin, P.M., Sarrazin, J., 2017Food-web complexity across hydrothermal vents on the Azores triple junctionDeep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers.

Barber, A., Brandes, J., Leri, A., Lalonde, K., Balind, K., Wirick, S., Wang, J., Gélinas, Y., 2017Preservation of organic matter in marine sediments by inner-sphere interactions with reactive ironScientific Reports 7 (1), art. no. 366.

Barber, A., Sirois, M., Chaillou, G., Gélinas, Y., 2017Stable isotope analysis of dissolved organic carbon in Canada's eastern coastal watersLimnology and Oceanography. Article in Press.

Cormier, M.-A., Rochon, A., de Vernal, A., Gélinas, Y., 2016Multi-proxy study of primary production and paleoceanographical conditions in northern Baffin Bay during the last centuriesMarine Micropaleontology 127, 1-10.

Hénault-Ethier, L., Bell, T.H., Martin, V.J.J., Gélinas, Y., 2016Dynamics of Physicochemical Variables and Cultivable Bacteria in Vermicompost during Steady Food Waste Addition and Upon Feed InterruptionCompost Science and Utilization 24 (2), 117-135. 

Hénault-Ethier, L., Martin, V.J.J., Gélinas, Y., 2016. Persistence of Escherichia coli in batch and continuous vermicomposting systemsWaste Management 56, 88-99.

Pinti, D.L., Gélinas, Y., Moritz, A., Larocque, M., Sano, Y. 2016Anthropogenic and natural methane emissions from a shale gas development area of Quebec, CanadaScience of the Total Environment 566-567, 1329-1338.

Shields, M.R., Bianchi, T.S., Gélinas, Y., Allison, M.A., Twilley, R.R., 2016Enhanced terrestrial carbon preservation promoted by reactive iron in deltaic sedimentsGeophysical Research Letters 43 (3), 1149-1157.

Colatriano, D., Ramachandran, A., Yergeau, E., Maranger, R., Gélinas, Y., Walsh, D.A., 2015Metaproteomics of aquatic microbial communities in a deep and stratified estuaryProteomics 15 (20), 3566-3579. 

Fines-Neuschild, S., Boucher, É., Vernal, A.D., Gélinas, Y., Leclerc, P., 2015Accelerated solvent extraction-An efficient tool to remove extractives from tree-ringsDendrochronologia 36, 45-48.  

Moritz, A., Helie, J.-F., Pinti, D., Larocque, M., Barnatche, D., Retailleau, S., Lefebvre, R., Gelinas, Y., 2015. Methane baseline concentrations and sources in shallow aquifers from the shale gas-prone region of the St. Lawrence Lowlands (Quebec, Canada). Environmental Science and technology 49, 4765−4771. 

Stevens, C.J., Juniper, S.K., Limén, H., Pond, D.W., Metaxas, A., Gélinas, Y., 2015. Obligate hydrothermal vent fauna at East Diamante submarine volcano (Mariana Arc) exploit photosynthetic and chemosynthetic carbon sources. Marine Ecology Progress Series 525, 25-39.

Barber, A., Lalonde, K., Mucci, A., Gélinas, Y. 2014, The role of iron in the diagenesis of organic carbon and nitrogen in sediments: A long-term incubation experiment, Marine Chemistry, vol. 162, pp. 1-9.

Lalonde, K., Middlestead, P., Gélinas, Y., 2014. Automation of 13C/12C ratio measurement for freshwater and seawater DOC using high temperature combustion. Limnology and Oceanography: Methods 12 (12), 816-829. 

Lalonde, K., Vähätalo, A.V., Gélinas, Y. 2014, Revisiting the disappearance of terrestrial dissolved organic matter in the ocean: A δ13C study, Biogeosciences, vol. 11, no. 13, pp. 3707-3719.  

 Pinti, D.L., Retailleau, S., Barnetche, D., Moreira, F., Moritz, A.M., Larocque, M., Gélinas, Y., Lefebvre, R., Hélie, J.-.F., Valadez, A. 2014, 222Rn activity in groundwater of the St. Lawrence Lowlands, Quebec, eastern Canada: Relation with local geology and health hazard, Journal of environmental radioactivityvol. 136, pp. 206-217.

Alkhatib, M., Del Giorgio, P.A., Gelinas, Y., Lehmann, M.F. 2013, Benthic fluxes of dissolved organic nitrogen in the lower St. Lawrence estuary and implications for selective organic matter degradation, Biogeosciences, vol. 10, no. 11, pp. 7609-7622.

Sánchez-García, L., de Andrés, J.R., Gélinas, Y., Schmidt, M.W.I., Louchouarn, P. 2013, Different pools of black carbon in sediments from the Gulf of Cádiz (SW Spain): Method comparison and spatial distribution, Marine Chemistry, vol. 151, pp. 13-22. 

Wu, H.B., Peng, C.H., Lucotte, M., Soumis, N., Gélinas, Y., Duchemin, É., Plouhinec, J.B., Ouellet, A., Guo, Z.T. Soumis. A Coupled two-dimensional hydrodynamic and terrestrial input model to simulate CO2 diffusive emissions from lake systems. Geosciences Model Developement, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 3509-3556.

Alkhatib, M., Schubert, C.J., del Giorgio, P.A., Gelinas, Y., Lehmann, M.F. 2012. Organic matter reactivity indicator in sediments of the St. Lawrence Estuary. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science, vol. 102-103, pp. 36-47.

Lalonde, K., Mucci, A., Ouellet, A., Gélinas, Y. 2012. Preservation of organic matter in sediments promoted by iron. Nature, vol. 483, no. 7388, pp. 198-200.

Ouellet, A., Lalonde, K., Plouhinec, J.-B., Soumis, N., Lucotte, M., Gélinas, Y.  2012.  Assessing carbon dynamics in natural and perturbed boreal aquatic systems, Journal of Geophysical Research - Biogeosciences., vol. 117, no G3, p.  G03024.

Thibodeau, B., Lehmann, M.F., Kowarzyk, J., Mucci, A., Gélinas, Y., Gilbert, D., Maranger, R., Alkhatib, M. 2012. Erratum to " Benthic nutrient fluxes along the laurentian channel: Environmental controls and impact on the N-budget of the St. Lawrence marine system" [Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci. 90 (4) (2010) 195-205]. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 107, 165.

Yanni, S.F., Whalen, J.K., Ma, B.-L., Gélinas, Y., 2011. European corn borer injury effects on lignin, carbon and nitrogen in corn tissues. Plant and Soil, vol. 341, no. 1-2, pp. 165-177. 

Thibodeau, B., Lehmann, M.F., Kowarzyk, J., Mucci, A., Gélinas, Y., Gilbert, D., Maranger, R., Alkhatib, M.,  2010. Benthic nutrient fluxes along the Laurentian Channel: Impacts on the N budget of the St. Lawrence marine system, Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 90(4), 195-205.

Colasurdo, N., Gélinas, Y., Despland, E., 2009. Larval nutrition affects life history traits in a capital breeding mothi, Journal of Experimental Biology, 212 (12), 1794-1800.

De Busserolles, F., Sarrazin, J., Gauthier, O., Gélinas, Y., Fabri, M.C., Sarradin, P.M., Desbruyères, D., 2009. Are spatial variations in the diets of hydrothermal fauna linked to local environmental conditions? Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 56(19-20), 1649-1664, doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2009.05.011. 

Lehmann, M.F., Barnett, B., Gélinas, Y., Gilbert, D., Maranger, R., Mucci, A., Sundby, B.,  Thibodeau, B.,  2009. Aerobic respiration and hypoxia in the lower St. Lawrence Estuary: Stable isotope ratios of dissolved oxygen constrain oxygen sink partitioning, Limnology and Oceanography, 54(6), 2157-2169.

Panetta, R., Gélinas, Y., 2009. Expressing biomarker data in stoichiometric terms: shifts in distribution and biogeochemical interpretation, Limnology and Oceanography: Methods, 7, 269-276. GEOTOP publication n°2009-0003.

Veilleux, M.-H., Dickens, A.F., Brandes, J., Gélinas, Y., 2009. Density separation of combustion-derived soot and petrogenic graphitic black carbon: Quantification and isotopic characterization, From Deep-Sea to Coastal Zones: Methods – Techniques for Studying Paleoenvironments, IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 5, 012010, doi:10.1088/1755-1307/5/1/012010. (Acte de colloque - peer reviewed).

Brandes, J.A., Cody, G.D., Rumble, D., Haberstroh, P. , Wirick, S. , Gélinas, Y., 2008. Carbon K-edges XANES spectroscopy of natural graphite, Carbon, 46(11), 1424-1434.

Ouellet, A., Catana, D., Plouhinec, J.-B., Lucotte, M., Gélinas, Y., 2008. Elemental, isotopic, and spectroscopic assessment of chemical fractionation of dissolved organic matter sampled with a portable reverse osmosis system, Environmental Science and Technology, 42(7), 2490-2495.

Panetta, R.J., Ibrahim, M., Gélinas, Y., 2008. Coupling a high-temperature catalytic oxidation total organic carbon analyzer to an isotope ratio mass spectrometer to measure natural abundance δ13C-dissolved organic carbon in marine and freshwater samples, Analytical Chemistry, 80 (13), 5232-5239.

Stevens, C.J., Limén, H., Pond, D.W., Gélinas, Y., Juniper, S.K., 2008. Ontogenetic shifts in the trophic ecology of two alvinocaridid shrimp species at hydrothermal vents on the Mariana Arc, western Pacific Ocean, Marine Ecology Progress Series, 356, 225-237.

Dickens, A.F., Gudeman, J.A., Gélinas, Y., Baldock, J.A., Tinnere, W., Hedges, J.I., 2007. Sources and distribution of CuO-derived benzene carboxylic acids in soils and sediments, Organic Geochemistry, 38(8), 1256-1276.

Mouradian, M., A.,  Panetta, R.J.,  de Vernal, A., Gélinas, Y., 2007. Dinosterols or dinocysts to estimate dinoflagellate contributions to marine sedimentary organic matter?, Limnology and Oceanography, 52(6), 2569-2581. GEOTOP publication n°2007-0011.

Dickens, A.F., Baldock, J.A., Smernik, R.J., Wakeham, S.G., Arnarson, T.S., Gélinas, Y., Hedges, J.I., 2006. Solid-state 13C NMR analysis of size and density fractions of marine sediments: Insight into organic carbon sources and preservation mechanisms, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 70, 666-686.

Haberstroh, P.R., Brandes, J.A., Gélinas, Y., Dickens, A.F., Wirick, S., Cody, G., 2006. Chemical composition of the graphitic black carbon fraction in riverine and marine sediments at sub-micron scales using carbon X-ray Spectromicroscopy, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 70, 1483-1494.

Baldock, J.A., Masiello, C., Gélinas, Y., Hedges, J.I., 2004. Cycling and composition of organic matter in terrestrial and marine ecosystems, Mar. Chem., 92, 39-64.

Dickens, A.F., Gélinas, Y. Hedges, J.I., 2004. Physical separation of combustion and rock sources of graphitic black carbon in sediments, Mar. Chem., 92, 215-223.

Dickens, A.F., Gélinas, Y., Masiello, C.A., Wakeham, S.G., Hedges, J.I., 2004. Reburial of fossil organic carbon in marine sediments, Nature, 427, 336-339.

Wakeham, S.G., Masiello, C.A., Gélinas, Y., Alexander, C.R., Leavitt, P., 2004. Hydrocabon in Lake Washington Sediments - A 25-year retrospective in an urban lake, Environ. Sci. Technol., 38, 431-439.

Hedges, J.I., Baldock, J.A., Gélinas, Y., Lee, C., Peterson, M.L., Wakeham, S.G., 2002. The biochemical and elemental compositions of marine plankton: A NMR perspective, Mar. Chem., 78, 47-63.

Gélinas, Y., Baldock, J.A., Hedges, J.I., 2001. Organic carbon composition of marine sediments: Effect of oxygen exposure on oil generation potential, Science, 294, 145-148.

Gélinas, Y., Prentice, K., Baldock, J.A., Hedges, J.I., 2001. An improved thermal oxidation method for the quantification of shoot/graphitic black carbon in sediments and soil, Environ. Sci. Technol., 35, 3519-3525.

Gélinas, Y., Baldock, J.A., Hedges, J.I., 2001. Demineralization of marine and freshwater sediments for CP/MAS 13C NMR analysis, Org. Geochim., 32, 677-693.

Hedges, J.I., Baldock, J.A., Gélinas, Y., Lee, C., Peterson, M.L., Wakeham, S.G., 2001. Evidence for non-selective preservation of organic matter in particles sinking marines particles, Nature, 409, 801-804.

Schmidt, M.W.I., Czimczik, C., Kuhlbusch, A.J., Glaser, B., Prentice, K., Gélinas, Y.,  Skjemstad, J.O., 2001. Comparative analysis of black carbon in soils, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 15, 163-167.

Gélinas, Y., Lucotte, M., Schmit, J.-P., 2000. History of the atmospheric deposition of major and trace elements in the industrialized St. Lawrence Valley, Quebec, Canada. Atmospheric Environment, 34, 1797-1810.

Imfeld, Anic : Doctorat en chimie
Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry, Concordia University
Sujet de recherche : Contamination par les hydrocarbures dans l'estuaire et le golfe du St-Laurent: une approche moléculaire et isotopique sur composés spécifiques.
Mardirossian, Vanessa : Doctorat - Programme individuel
Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry, Concordia University
Sujet de recherche : Toxicité des teintures de vêtement industrielles et développement de produits alternatifs à partir de déchets alimentaires.
Mirzaei, Yeganeh : Maîtrise en chimie
Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry, Concordia University
Naghibalhossaini, Samaneh : Maîtrise en chimie
Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry, Concordia University
Sujet de recherche : Interactions entre la matière organique sédimentaire et différentes fractions minérales dans l'estuaire et le golfe du St-Laurent
Radu, Maria-Elena : Maîtrise en chimie
Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry, Concordia University
Reitano, Adriana : Maîtrise en chimie
Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry, Concordia University
Codirection : Jean-Carlos Montero-Serrano; Violaine Ponsin
Sujet de recherche : Évolution temporelle de la quantité, des sources et de la contamination par les pesticides de la matière organique dissoute et particulaire de l’estuaire du St-Laurent aux cours des 19 dernières années : une analyse élémentaire, moléculaire et isotopique.
Vandal, Philippe : Doctorat - Programme individuel
Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry, Concordia University
Sujet de recherche : La détection rapide de contaminations par les hydrocarbures en milieu urbain